Glaucoma

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Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye condition that damage the optic nerve by high pressure and causes vision loss

Risk factors

  • Having high intra ocular pressure

  • Being black, Asian

  • Having family history of glaucoma

  • Having thin cornea

  • Being over age 40

  • Prolonged use of corticosteroids

  • Eye injury

Types of glaucoma

  • Open angle glaucoma

    The most common type of glaucoma

  • Closed angle glaucoma

    A less common and more urgent form of glaucoma

Symptoms

Most people with open angle glaucoma don’t have symptoms to develop, it’s usually late in the
disease symptoms of angle closure glaucoma usually come on faster

  • Seeing halos around the lights

  • Vision loss

  • Redness in eyes

  • Vomiting

  • Eye pain

Investigations

  • Tonometry

  • Central corneal thickness

  • Documentation of optic disc changes

  • Slit lamp examination of anterior segment

  • Perimetry to detect the visual field loss

  • OCT- RNFL

Treatment

  • Medication (Eye drops & oral tablets)

  • Surgery

  • Laser trabeculoplasty

    Stimulates the trabecular meshwork to function more efficiency

  • Trabeculectomy

    Creates new drainage channel for the eye

  • Laser iridotomy

    Creates a small hole in the iris to improve flow of aqueous humor in to drainage angle